STDs are globally on the rise and there's no stopping them. You could even argue that STDs have become a consequential fact of life. The good thing about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (SDTs) is that they're only spread when you get up and close with your partner - in a sexual way. It's better to identify them before they grow and spread.
It's so widespread that the Centers for Disease Control estimates that around 700,000 new cases of Gonorrhea spring up ever year. It spreads bacterially affecting woman's cervix, a male's urethra or even the throat. It can be identified with the yellowish penile discharge in men.
Hepatitis B affects more than 1.25 million people in the United States despite the presence of a vaccine. Without proper treatment, the infection can permanently damage the liver, cause cirrhosis and even liver cancer in some cases. Unfortunately there are no symptoms.
A highly contagious disease which can be passed through sexual activity (which also includes prolonged kissing). The disease is spread from pores and the infected person is usually unaware of the disease and unknowingly passes it on to their partner.
A very common STD which fortunately has an easy cure. But if left untreated, Chlamydia can make it impossible for women to get pregnant. Symptoms include abnormal vaginal discharge and a burning sensation when urinating and pain and swelling in one or both testicles.
Small lice barely visible by the naked eye manifest themselves in the coarse hair of the gential regions. They don't just stop to the pubic region though, eventually spread to the armpits and even eyebrows. Symptoms obviously include a n itchy sensation in your genitals.
Human Papilloma Virus
Extremely widespread and affects more than three quarters of the sexually active population. An entire vaccine was invented to protect young women from certain strains of HPV which can cause cervical cancer. There are no obvious symptoms.
It mostly affects women who have multiple sexual partners. They occur when the otherwise healthy bacteria in the vagina become oversized and imbalanced causing a burning and itching around the genitals. There's also a thick, grey discharge with strong odor.
Painful lesions on the genitals almost always indicates herpes, which comes in two forms, HSV1 (herpes of the mouth) and HSV2 (herpes of the genitals.) Herpes symptoms can be treated with antibiotics but they never go away.
Lovingly called 'Trich" and shows no symptoms in most men. It is caused by a parasitic trichomonas vaginalis infection which affects the urethra in women. Some symptoms include an itching and burnig sensation in the genitals accompanies by fluid discharged.
Probably the deadliest disease to hit humanity, it is primarily transmitted via the exchange of body fluids such as semen, vaginal fluids, blood and even breast milk. In just 2 months of contracting HIVB, more than 50% show symptoms of fever, ach muscles, sore throat and headache among others.
Typically associated with birth defects in babies which are born to infected mothers, Zika is primarily spread by the bite of a vector mosquito which contains the virus. Sexual transmission is also possible and the individual can spread the virus to their sex partner.
How are STDs diagnosed?
Individuals who want to maintain healthy lifestyle should make a habit to visit their doctors on a regular basis to contain any infections in their early stages. Because while some viruses can be identified by obvious symptoms, most don't come with a warning.
Most STDs resolve on their own but some of them require the use of antibiotics. Unfortunately some of these STDs are here to affect the individual forever and will reoccur at some point in their lives and could develop into a chronic infection.
Some viral strains of STDs have become so mainstream that people have begun to perceive them as less harmful. But if left untreated, STDs can spread throughout the body and cause irreparable damage, so readers should make it a habit to get regular checkups.
Protection can help right?
Using protection during sex helps to keep certain infections at bay, but it does not eliminate the symptoms completely and there's always a small chance of contracting STDs. The only way to avoid STDs, is to stop having sex altogether.
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